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Quetzalcoatl. The creator god of humanity represented duality by nature. Half air and half earth, the feathered serpent was one of the most important pre-Hispanic deities, the main protagonist of many of the major Mesoamerican myths and his cult was very ancient. Quetzalcoatl had different avocations: Venus as the morning star, called Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli; Xolotl, the "Precious Twin," Venus as the afternoon star; and Ehecatl, god of Wind. The cult of Quetzalcoatl reached the Maya zone, where he is known as Kukulkan. Among his most important attributes are the cut shell ornament, whether used as a pectoral, earplugs or adornment in some other part of his accouterments. As the wind god, he wears a beak-shaped mask, with which he produces the wind. The image is from the Codex Borbonicus.
Last Modified: January 14, 1998.
Museo del Templo Mayor, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e História, México.
Seminario #8, Centro Histórico. Cuauhtémoc, México, D.F. 06060
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